Study in Scotland
Study abroad for fun, travel, culture and knowledge
Search Study Abroad
Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is one of the four constituent
countries of the United Kingdom. It occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with England. Apart from the mainland, Scotland consists of over 790
The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union resulted in a political union with the Kingdom of England to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. Scotland's legal system continues to be separate from those of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and Scotland still constitutes a discrete jurisdiction in public and in private international
law. The continued independence of Scots law, the Scottish education system and the Church of Scotland have been the three cornerstones contributing to the continuation of Scottish culture and Scottish national identity since the Union. However, Scotland is no longer a sovereign state and does not have direct membership of either the United Nations or the European Union.
The population of Scotland has risen to 5,094,800 according to July 2005
estimates. This would make Scotland the 112th largest country by population if it were a sovereign state.
Edinburgh, the capital and second largest city, is one of Europe's largest financial
centres. Scotland's largest city is Glasgow with a population of 629,501, which is the centre of the Greater Glasgow conurbation.
With a population of 2.2 million, Greater Glasgow is home to almost half of Scotland's
population. Scottish waters consist of a large
sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union.
The Central Belt is where most of the main towns and cities are located. Glasgow is to the west
while the other three main cities of Edinburgh, Dundee and Aberdeen lie on the east coast. The Highlands are sparsely populated although the city of Inverness has experienced rapid growth in recent years. In general only the more accessible and larger islands retain human populations and fewer than 90 are currently inhabited. The Southern Uplands are essentially rural in nature and dominated by agriculture and
The climate of Scotland is temperate and oceanic, and tends to be very changeable. It is warmed by the Gulf Stream from the Atlantic, and as such has much milder winters (but cooler, wetter summers) than areas on similar latitudes, for example Oslo or Moscow. However, temperatures are generally lower than in the rest of the UK, with the coldest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C (-16.96°F) recorded at Braemar in the Grampian Mountains, on 11 February 1895 and 10 January 1982 and also at
Altnaharra, Highland, on 30 December 1995.  Winter maximums average 6°C (42.8°F) in the lowlands, with summer maximums averaging 18°C (64.4°F). The highest temperature recorded was 32.9°C (91.22°F) at
Greycrook, Scottish Borders on 9 August 2003.
In general, the west of Scotland is usually warmer than the east, due to the influence of the Atlantic ocean currents, and the colder surface temperatures of the North Sea.
Tiree, in the Inner Hebrides, is one of the sunniest place in the country: it had 300 days of sunshine in 1975. Rainfall varies widely across Scotland. The western highlands of Scotland are the wettest place, with annual rainfall exceeding 3,000 mm (120
inches). In comparison, much of lowland Scotland receives less than 800 mm (31 inches)
annually. Heavy snowfall is not common in the lowlands, but becomes more common with altitude. Braemar experiences an average of 59 snow days per
year, while coastal areas have an average of fewer than 10 days.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Permission is granted to copy, distribute
and/or modify this document
Want to find
out how to study abroad in Scotland?
information on the study abroad programs
available by clicking -